Bismillah Hirrahama Nirrahim                                                                                            


The Kaaba was built by the Prophet Ibraham and His son Ismael to honour God. At the centre of Al-Haram mosque in Makkah, stands the most sacred building called the Kaaba. People going to Saudi Arabia for Hajj or Umrah, circle seven times around the Kaaba in a counter-clockwise direction offering prayers to Allah.

Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Prayer in this mosque of mine is better than a thousand prayers in any other mosque, except the Sacred Mosque. Prayer in the Sacred Mosque is one hundred times better than prayer in this mosque of mine.” [Musnad Aḥmad 15685]

Diagram of Ka'aba

Important places inside Masjid e Haram.


Start point of Tawaf

Hajar aswad [black stone]

Multazam [the wall between door of ka'aba and black stone]

Door of Ka'aba

Muqam e Ibrahim AS

Al Hateem

Yemeni corner

Kiswa cloth


Tawaf is one of the principal rites of the pilgrimage and refers to circumambulating or walking in circles around the Kaaba in an anti-clockwise motion. Seven complete circuits, with each one starting and ending at the Hajar al-Aswad, constitute one Tawaf.

Why the Tawaf is performed anti clockwise?

When we revolve around the Kaaba we are orbiting in the same direction as the whole universe and all the creations of Allah from the tiniest particles, to the largest galaxies, along with the human race unite in praise of Allah.

The Blood inside the human body begins its circulation “Anticlockwise”

The electrons of an atom revolve around its nucleus in the same manner as making Tawaf, in an anti-clockwise direction.

The moon revolves around the earth anti-clockwise.

The earth rotates around its own axis in an anti-clockwise direction.

The planets of the Solar system revolve around the sun in an anti-clockwise direction

The Sun along with its whole Solar system orbit in the galaxy in an anti-clockwise direction.

All the galaxies orbit in the space in an anti-clockwise direction.

Tawaf around the Ka’aba is “Anticlockwise”.

Safa Marwa Sa'ee

Definition of Sa’ee (Meaning of Sa’i)

Originally the word Sa’ee comes from the Arabic word Sa’a which linguistically means to pursue or to walk or to strive. However, according to Islamic terminology, the meaning of Sa’ee is to run or walk between Safa and Marwa while performing Hajj or Umrah. Performing Sa’ee is the fourth compulsory rite of Hajj or Umrah. Muslims are obligated to perform Sa’ee after the completion of Tawaf and its prayers. Based on Islamic history, the act of Sa’ee is a commemoration of a mother’s sacrifice for her son.

Why Do Muslims Perform Sa’ee?

As stated earlier, the Islamic ritual of Sa’ee is performed to honour the struggle of Prophet Ibrahim (AS)’s wife Hajar (AS). As she ran seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwa in search of water to feed her thirsty son Prophet Ismail (AS).

Birthplace of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

The birthplace of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is located nearby Makkah Masjid Al Haram. The house in which the Messenger (PBUH) of Allah SWT grew up has been converted into a library by the Saudi Government.

Mount Abu Qubais

Jabal Abu Qubais is a mountain located next to Masjid al-Haram.

Where the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ performed the miracle of splitting the moon into two halves at the Mount Abu Qubais.

Currently, only remnants of the mountain remain as a result of the ongoing expansion of Masjid al-Haram.

Jannat Al Mualla

Jannat al-Mualla is the main cemetery in Makkah, housing the graves of many prominent individuals including the wife of the Prophet ﷺ, their two sons as well as many companions, scholars and righteous people.

Masjid e Jinn

Masjid Al Jinn is a small mosque located near Jannat Al-Mualla in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

The mosque is built at the place where a group of jinn are said to have gathered one night to hear the recitation of a portion of the Quran by Muhammad PBUH. Muhammad PBUH later met there with these jinn's leaders and accepted their embrace of Islam.

Say, ˹O Prophet,˺ “It has been revealed to me that a group of jinn listened ˹to the Quran,˺ and said ˹to their fellow jinn˺: ‘Indeed, we have heard a wondrous recitation. It leads to Right Guidance so we believed in it, and we will never associate anyone with our Lord ˹in worship˺. [Quran 72 : 1 - 2]

Cave Hira

Jabal al-Hira is a mountain which lies about two miles from the Ka’bah. Near the top is a small cave known as the Cave of Hira , which is a little less than 4 meters in length and a little more than 1.5 meters in width. It was here that the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) received the first revelations of the Holy Quran during the month of Ramadhan in 610 CE. The mountain is also known as Jabal al-Noor (the Mountain of Light) and Jabal al-Islam (the Mountain of Islam).

Cave Thaur

Jabal Thawr is a mountain in Saudi Arabia that is located in the lower part of Makkah south of the Misfalah district.

Majid Al Khayf

Masjid Al Khayf is located in the south of Mina, Makkah, Saudi Arabia close to the smallest Jamarat. Being a historical yet sacred monument, Masjid Al Khayf is considered one of the most important mosques in the area. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and around seventy other prophets who preceded him have performed prayer (Salah) inside Masjid Al Khayf. This is why it is also called the “Mosque of the Prophets.”


Mina is a valley six kilometres east of the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah. It’s where Hajj pilgrims sleep overnight on the 8th, 11th, 12th (and some even on the 13th) of Dhul Hijjah. The valley of Mina contains the Jamarat, the three stone pillars which are pelted by pilgrims as part of the rituals of Hajj.


Muzdalifah is an open area located southeast of Mina, on the way between Mina and Arafat. On the 9th Dhul Hijjah (second day of Hajj), pilgrims arrive here after sunset from Arafat and spend the night here.

Jabal Rahma [Jabal Arafat]

It is believed that after being taken out of Jannah and placed back on Earth, it was Mount Arafat where Prophet Adam (AS) and Hawa (AS) reunited.


Left in the desert by Prophet Ibrahim, Hajar and her infant son Ismail were in need of water in the stifling heat. And so Hajar ran between the hills of Safa and Marwa seven times in search of water. She then heard a voice. She called out and SubhanAllah saw Angel Jibreel where the Zamzam well now stands. Angel Jibreel had dug through the sand and unearthed a well of water. This water is known as Zamzam water as Hajar called out “Zom! Zom!” (Stop! Stop!) as the water kept following, in fear it would run out.

Exhibition of the Two Holy Mosques.

On the northwestern edge of Makkah you’ll find a museum dedicated to treasures from two of Islam’s holiest mosques. Discover how Al Masjid Al Haram (Holy Mosque) in Makkah and Al Masjid An Nabawi (Prophet’s Mosque) in Madinah have been transformed over the centuries. Behold artifacts that include a teak staircase from the Kaaba, carved in 1825, and the door of an Ottoman pulpit, a relic from the Prophet’s Mosque that dates to 1590.

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